Anne Chao (趙蓮菊) receivedher BS in mathematics from National Tsing Hua University, Taiwan, in 1973, andher PhD in statistics from the University of Wisconsin-Madison in 1977. Since1978, she has been with the Institute of Statistics, National Tsing Hua University,Taiwan, where she is currently a Tsing Hua Distinguished Chair Professor. Sheis a Fellow of the Institute of Mathematical Statistics, and held a TaiwanNational Chair Professorship from 2005-2008. Chao has long been fascinated withmathematical and statistical issues arising in ecology and related sciences;her major research interests include ecological statistics, statisticalinferences of biodiversity measures, and statistical analysis of ecological andenvironmental survey data. She and her collaborators have published more than120 papers. These have (i) developed several biodiversity measures/estimatorsincluding Chao1, Chao2, ACE, and ICE for species richness, as well as somenovel methods to infer entropy, diversity and related similarity/differentiationmeasures, (ii) established a unified mathematical/statistical framework fortaxonomic, phylogenetic and functional diversities, and (iii) generalized theclassic sample-size-based rarefaction method to sample-coverage-basedrarefaction and extrapolation, to standardize biodiversity samples. Toimplement their methodologies, Chao and her colleagues/students have alsodeveloped statistical software including CARE (CApture-REcapture), SPADE(Species Prediction And Diversity Estimation), iNEXT (iNterpolation/EXTrapolation),and PhD (Phylogenetic Diversity). For the past 20 years, Chao served in theeditorial boards of four major statistical journals, and currently serves as anAssociate Editor for Methods in Ecology and Evolution.